Longevity of the elderly just because smaller meals

Dieting for health home health has always been advocating. A person who has good appetite and attention to diet, it is good for health. Longevity in the Song dynasty poet Lu you’s poems “longevity is just because meals”. Folk have a lot of proverbs emphasize the benefits of eating, such as “eat less. Meals, eat a lot of bad taste “. Diet with three hungry, body relaxed and not feel tired. “You want to live to be 99, per meal. “Wait, this is summed up in the practice of our people in the long term health care classic.
Human gastrointestinal function, Chinese medicine think material should be reduced to Shun “, that is, functions of the gastrointestinal tract is normal on the bottom, smooth and vice versa, is regarded as pathological, such as constipation and vomiting. Gastrointestinal tract is the six Fu-organs of vital organs. Diet, effectively keeping it smooth, every intake of food in the stomach can be adequately mixed, good digestion, nutrients be absorbed fully.
Basal metabolic rate in the elderly with age and decreases gradually, and after you enter old age, reduced physical activity, the consumption of thermal energy is also reduced accordingly. Therefore, the supply of calories are reduced in the elderly. If old people eat is not reduced, resulting in excess, could have adverse health effects. Because every meal you overeat, causes the blood concentration of gastrointestinal, is bound to cause ischemia of the heart, brain and other vital organs of oxygen, easy to induce or exacerbate coronary heart disease, angina, myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular disease and diabetes and cholecystitis. In addition, eating too much can lead to obesity, and obesity can cause a variety of diseases. Research data show that due to overeating and obesity, and more persons died of cancer than normal. Abroad, many studies show that the vast majority of long-lived people of normal weight or underweight. Diet way to slow down the speed of physiological aging, is a good way to maintain health and longevity.
United Kingdom a man named Thomas farmer, lived for 152 years old, King found, calling him into his house, asked him to pass on longevity. Who knows, in his palace, and soon died. Autopsies found that showed no signs of aging, his various organs, problem is that too greedy after he entered the Palace. Medical scientists experimenting with mice, the mice of the same age, eat live 1 year, only enough to feed seven or eight lived for two years. That’s saying a diet can prolong life and less ill.
Diet most “beneficiaries” are the brain. Eating too much will cause the brain slow and speed up the aging of the brain. After people eat, and tend to be drowsy, this is because the people who ran to the intestines to the blood. The work “, leading to ischemia of the brain. Studies have shown that people eat too full, “fibroblasts long fill factor in rapid brain growth, and it is caused by cerebral arteriosclerosis in the first place. Full per meal for a long time, which will constantly accumulate in the brain increases, when it reaches a certain amount, the cerebral arterial sclerosis occurs, and cerebral arteriosclerosis is also predisposing factors of senile dementia. Therefore, the usual diet, you can stay away from Alzheimer’s.

Why do older people need regular health examination.

Why do older people need regular health examination.

People in old age, the tissues and organs of the body have a certain change in form and function. With the increase of age, physical weakening, diseases increasing, this is the law of nature. In order to make the best of your body’s health, to “ill treatment, disease-free” purpose, adhere to come to the hospital regularly for preventive health examination in the elderly is very important. One can find some important disease risks. Many cancer patients earlier when there was no discomfort, but discovered by physical examination, physical examination is “early discovery, early diagnosis and early treatment” is one of the most important measures. Second, medical staff to provide elderly people with more knowledge and technical guidance, strengthening health care consciousness of self. Third, through comprehensive analysis of physical examination results, make a clear diagnosis, prevention advice and recommendations. Finds of suspicious, further focus of inspection, so as to avoid delays in diagnosis and, if necessary, can be observed.
Old programmes will include general health examination (such as height, weight, blood pressure, pulse, breathing), internal medicine, surgery, dentistry, ear-nose-throat surgery, ophthalmology and Neurology examination. Men need prostate exam, female gynecological examination. In addition, each according to their physical condition more projects.
Healthy older persons in addition to the General conditions and the checks, should also make the necessary special items are laboratory tests, including blood, urine, stool, sputum routine and ESR, serum lipid and liver function, kidney function, blood glucose and biochemical tests, determination of enzymes, immune function checking and so on. Second, ECG. Necessary to do cardiac stress testing. Third, pulmonary function tests. Four eyes and eye examinations. Five is the perspective or chest radiography chest x ray, gastrointestinal Barium meal examination. Six b-type ultrasound. Seven is the endoscopic examination. According to indications esophagus, stomach, intestines, colon, rectal examination of 12 fat. Eight is the radioisotope examinations. Such as iodine-131 thyroid test and isotope renogram, thyroid, liver, renal scan. Nine is the CT examination, mainly brain, lung, liver, spine and other checks.
Because the health benefits of many of the elderly, elderly friend would make the good habit of regular physical examinations, usually once a year, special cases can be checked at any time. Egypt tomb murals look away foot away, like a drawing with two feet

Rules. This is because of her looks and ancient Egypt tomb paintings of the characters are very similar. Ancient Egypt never draw people’s positive image, always draw the side body, and seemed to be marching. But those who walk, side leg extensor side of the hand, which commonly known as CIS. Ancient Egypt who will likely walk this way, so Nile Rashun who are everywhere.

What is health examination

What is health examination

Health is a health initiative to hospital or specialized medical examination Center to check the entire body, the main purpose is to check for potential diseases, in order to take timely preventive and treatment measures. Health check is not sick to the hospital after doing various checks.

Health and disease are two different things, physical examination can only be described as a first, some of the major diseases that can be found. For example, routine urine tests can detect serious kidney disease, and high blood pressure, hepatitis b and significant lung disease by measurement of blood pressure, blood test and chest x-ray findings. But for some of the more complex diseases, regular health examination are powerless. For example, cancer is one of the common symptoms of anemia, in routine physical examination by checking haemoglobin are able to detect anemia, and some cancers are not symptoms of anemia, so routine physical examination is to find out. So, don’t just pay attention to physical examination is normal, while ignoring the views of doctors in the medical report signed. Medical reports concluded that examining physicians through the comprehensive analysis on physical examination results of it, if you find a single review, you should immediately review the diagnosis.

Optional medical projects to seek medical advice when the family history, the impact of age, hobby, person and person’s physical condition is not the same and cannot be specifically chosen to save money check routine examination of several projects, so check out the result does not reflect the situation of the whole body. Correct practice is to develop personalized medical programmes by professional doctors. Subjects before the medical examination will give doctors a detailed description of the situation of the individual, after doctors conducted a comprehensive analysis, according to the patient’s physical condition “tailored”, conforms to the patient’s medical projects and relatively inexpensive personalized programmes.

Physical no problem not confined to the conclusion for the examinee to save medical reports of “normal” or “abnormal”. Medical report of every data, is a subdivision of the whole body. Doctors in determining whether an illness is often medical data from the reference year, by contrast, to determine whether there is a potential for disease. Qiu said that medical reports should be saved year after year. If you suffer from a disease, will provide doctors with the medical reports in the past, doctors will soon be worked out treatment programmes.

For instance, some projects or bodies should be depending on the age and sex of the regular checks. Blood pressure check at least once a year: the first cholesterol check at the age of 20, after checking once every 5 years; at the age of 50 do prostate exam for the first time, some doctors suggest 40 years; at the age of 50, first rectal examination, once every 3-5 years later.

Women should also increase of organs such as the breast examination. Women at the age of 40, to find a doctor for breast exams for the first time; at the age of 50, mammography remains to be done, or start at age 40. Cervical smear screening, asked at the age of 18 (or after sex) to do the first check. 1-3 years later inspections. After three consecutive negative results obtained, and check gap may be appropriately extended.

Many healthy people be considered optional, others rely on good health for examination, physical examination is a cleanup of the health, not only on time, there is a lot of knowledge worth noting. Hope you will find this is a reminder.

Intervention of psychological health of the countermeasures

Intervention of psychological health of the countermeasures

Psychological adjustment, maintain a good attitude. Bad mood is a negative mental state, so must be adjusted through mental activity, being neither forcibly suppressed, nor free to vent, hurt others, otherwise it will bring new worries, causing more serious bad moods.

People’s emotional States, psychological factors for many diseases, has a big impact, development and outcome. Pressure positively, to adverse stimuli should be good at forgetting, not always suppressed in the heart, an optimistic attitude towards actively tackle.

Overcoming character flaws and improve their mental capacity, build self-confidence, young and positive frame of mind. Mental age, the most easily lead to low body, should have a passion for life, active and young at heart, and helps to rid the State of sub-health.

Not only related with the State of the subhealth, closely related to the outcome of. Emotional include mood, passion, stress and so on. Emotions should have a correct understanding, not extreme, not stubborn, not conservative, not a dead end, objective and comprehensive, and emotions to be healthy.

Most importantly how emotional intelligence and emotional quotient (EQ). Some people with great intelligence, but not necessarily success, families are not necessarily happy, life isn’t. Because IQ is hard to determine a person’s success, more difficult to convict a man of social adaptation abilities, interpersonal skills, ability to regulate emotions and self-development capacity, which has a lot of success and happiness with others.

Emotional intelligence is seen as not only an individual’s basic quality is also an important factor in the success and happiness, and the viability of individual is the most important

Early prevention of sub health status

Early prevention of sub health status
Sub health is also divided into 3 levels: mild sub healthy state can reduce the quality of life, travel, sports for mild sub-health state population useful, but in the middle and high degree of sub-health state population will have no effect.
The so-called middle and high degree of sub healthy state, is the physiological discomfort has seriously affected the daily life, work, and will gradually cause the body is not reversible organic damage. A lot of people realize that they are in a state of sub-health. So, we want to remind you that the sub-health status should be treated early.
At present, many people in the pursuit of health, too keen to take a variety of health care products “blind spots” or to “kill” the improper way of life to their health, so more and more urban people near the edge of the “sub healthy”! Li Jinyuan, vice president of the China Health Food Association, Professor, recently advised people: happy life = healthy food + a good way of life.

Type of old sub healthy state

Type of old sub healthy state
The elderly sub healthy state can be divided into 3 types, in which the physical symptoms are the physiological sub-health state, and the mental health state of the psychological symptoms.
1. Physiological sub healthy aging with the aged is more and more obvious, mainly in form of the aging, such as skin relaxation wrinkled, senile plaque, bone crisp deformation, joint change hard, height decreased, brain arteriosclerosis, respiratory function decreased and the digestive system degradation, and this is the physiological aging, physiological sub-health is mainly manifested in function, such as sleepy fatigue, body aches, insomnia, haggard, decreased function and dysfunction. Be in Sub-health “elderly people often feel tired, fatigue, do not want to hyperactivity, lack of energy, often feel dizziness, drowsiness, go to a hospital checking could find out what disease, some often insomnia, sleep is not long, sleep is not deep. Function of a significant decline in the characteristics of the resistance is reduced, susceptible to infection, easy to catch a cold, a cold is difficult to recover, etc..
2 psychological sub healthy psychological factor is the important factor of disease, the heavy burden of spirit, the inner conflict, all can affect the health of people in different degree. The mental ability of a person is a decline in the rate of decline of the age, including the accuracy and speed of the feeling, reasoning, memory and learning ability, this decline due to different health conditions, education and adaptive ability to show different processes. Due to the change of social roles, social status, work and life style in the old age, so that part of the old people’s psychological adaptation. Some elderly people introverted, rarely communicate with people, like to be alone, feeling depressed, feel depressed. Some old people from the leadership positions, the loss of position, power and position have lost sense of. Some old people after retirement and familiar with less contact, the new circle of friends has not yet been established, children grow up to leave the family, so as to produce. Loneliness. These feelings of depression, loss, loneliness and other psychological intertwined, easy to produce different levels of loneliness, emptiness, distress, anxiety and other negative psychological state. Negative mental health is not only the performance of the sub – health, but also the cause of the disease.
3 social adaptive sub healthy people to the elderly, will face many new situations and new problems. The elderly must adapt to the objective situation of the change, which is the process of the aged. There are some old people who have a social disorder, which is characterized by “retirement syndrome”. Some old people feel very not to adapt to the past tense, very regular, but also very substantial. Now do not have to go to work, heart was lost, with nothing to do, desolate despair suddenly to, from the more interpersonal to a narrow circle of family, this way of life, way of communication, the change, many old people feel at a loss, resulting in irritability, depression, physical discomfort. At the same time, certain scope and the degree of the old age discrimination, also is the important reason which causes the old age social disorder.

Elderly sub health

Elderly sub health
Health sub state in the elderly generally refers to the elderly in health and disease between the low quality of health and experience. Sub health is mainly manifested in people’s physical, psychological and social behavior and so on. In economically developed regions and large cities, the performance of the “sub healthy” state of the elderly more and more. Sub health is also known as the third state, also known as gray state, the former state of disease, subclinical, preclinical, latent period, etc., that is, no clinical symptoms or symptoms, but there are potential pathological information. According to the World Health Organization, a global survey shows that 75% of people in the world are in a state of sub-health. Foreign studies have indicated that one of the factors causing sub health is human natural aging, the sub healthy state of the adult with age is growing increasingly prominent, which is due to the human anti-aging factor at the age of 25, followed by a decrease of 20% per 10 years. The elderly due to genetic, environmental, nutritional, economic conditions, living habits, temperament and accomplishment, cultural accomplishment, drugs, physical activity and changes in the social status and role etc. many kinds of factors influence, showing worry, lonely and empty, insomnia, forgetfulness, emotional suppression depression, loss, decreased activity, tired, stress decreased ability to etc. a series of sub health symptoms. From the point of view of physiological aging, aging process is a threat to health, the cell, tissue and organ in the aged people with age increasing, which lead to a series of degenerative changes, resulting in the whole body each system function, adaptability, reserve capacity and ability to prevent disease. Even if the health of the elderly, in fact, there are more or less potential function. In addition to gradually or at the same time, the physiological and pathological changes of old age, in the psychological and social relations also have a significant change, these factors constitute a sub health of the elderly.

Drug treatment of senile disease

Drug treatment of senile disease
Characteristics of the elderly medication: 1, elderly people often suffer from a variety of diseases, it is often used to take a variety of drugs, drug interactions and adverse reactions, 2, elderly people suffering from chronic diseases, long time, on the one hand easy to produce drug accumulation effect and adverse reactions, on the other hand, may also produce drug resistance, reduce the drug sensitivity or disappear. 3, the frail elderly, perennial medication, memory decline, poor medication compliance, often not prescribed medication or arbitrary, to the, arbitrarily reduce the variety and number of medication, it will not only affect the treatment effect, but also make the body to a decline in the sensitivity of certain drugs. 4, due to the old people’s vision, hearing, the recent decline in memory and other characteristics, sometimes leading to the drug effects, dosage, usage, attention to matters and side effects of understanding is not enough, as well as the doctor’s advice to understand the error, leading to wrong medication.
Prevention of senile diseases
Elderly critically ill in the prevention, early diagnosis, early treatment is very important, the regular physical examination for early discovery of disease in the elderly is very important, part of the tumor patients with early asymptomatic, only by physical examination found part of diabetes patients and no. A little more than three “clinical symptoms, only by medicine, fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose were diagnosed.
Elderly patients should pay attention to maintaining optimism and avoid emotional volatility pay attention to proper exercise, aerobic exercise, enhanced physique pay attention to a reasonable diet, quit smoking and other bad habits, to avoid harmful stimuli to maintain personal hygiene, avoid prolonged bed and respiratory tract infection, constipation, fatigue falls and other accidents stimulation.
Hypertension, diabetes, high blood lipids in elderly patients with high incidence. Early intervention of risk factors such as hypertension, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, smoking can effectively reduce the occurrence of cardiovascular events. The early diagnosis rate of diabetes mellitus can be improved by fasting blood glucose and postprandial blood glucose detection in patients with high risk of diabetes. For patients with abnormal glucose tolerance, early intervention to drug treatment, can reduce the incidence of diabetes. Prevention of respiratory tract infections by physical exercise, vaccination, “influenza” vaccine, etc..

Diagnosis of senile disease

Diagnosis of senile disease
Part of the elderly due to deafness, memory loss, confusion, the history of the narrative may be more confusion, the focus is not prominent, must be systematically and detailed inquiry, if necessary, by the unit or family members. For the use of drugs, in particular, to ask in detail, some of the elderly on the use of drugs is not clear, to describe the error, the need to pay attention to.
To examine the aged human body, it is necessary to observe the skin, mucous membrane and tongue, and help to understand the loss of water and malnutrition, cervical lymph node and thyroid need to be detailed. Elderly cervical spondylosis often cause neurological symptoms. When there is no need to observe the examination of chest barrel chest. Pay attention to check the carotid artery, dorsalis pedis artery pulsatility, lower extremity edema, body color and temperature is normal, double lower limbs is symmetrical.
Laboratory examination in the elderly, due to a variety of factors more complex problems. The examination of the “normal range” in the elderly is not very obvious. Test results in the elderly may be affected by a variety of diseases and treatment of non-specific effects. ECG examination should be listed as a routine for the aged. B ultrasound for noninvasive examination, for the discovery of the digestive system, urinary system diseases help. The development of sedation gastroscopy, colonoscopy, or painless gastroscopy, painless colonoscopy, reduce the side effects, before large-scale use of the elderly, in order to understand the esophageal, stomach, duodenum and colon disease.
The diagnosis of senile disease should pay attention to the elderly and sick, therefore can not be satisfied with the diagnosis of a disease should try to find the possible coexistence of disease. Laboratory examination is very important because of the atypical nature of old age. Some early cancer have no symptoms, showed only as high as a tumor marker, followed by B-ultrasound, X-ray, CT gastroscopy, colonoscopy diagnosis.

Old age sickness and old age

Old age sickness and old age
With the development of science and technology, the life level is improved, and the average life span of human beings is increasing. Currently North America and most European countries to 65 years of age, more than this limit for the elderly. China to 45 ~ 59 years of age for the elderly, 60 to 89 years old, 90 years of age for longevity. The aging of the world population and the aging of the individual become a serious problem in the society. It has brought the problem of how to provide medical care to the elderly.
Senile disease
Elderly patients with the characteristics of the elderly disease, also known as the elderly disease, refers to people in the old age related diseases, the elderly and common diseases have their own characteristics. The control includes not only the contents of Gerontology and geriatrics, such as the elderly health, aging mechanism, diagnosis and treatment of diseases such as many, including psychology of aging, the elderly nursing, rehabilitation medicine, social services, old-age social science.
Senile disease contains a wide range of diseases, generally can be divided into 3 categories: 1, only in old age, due to the aging of the body, such as the old wart, senile cataract, postmenopausal vaginal hemorrhagic disease, prostate hyperplasia, senile dementia, etc.. 2, many born in the old age, the occurrence of disease resistance to the body after aging related diseases, such as coronary heart disease, chronic bronchitis, hyperlipidemia, malignant tumor, stroke (stroke), cerebral atrophy, etc.. 3, old age and youth, middle age is also easy to occur, but with a different Yu Qing, middle-aged disease characteristics, many of them are young, middle-aged disease, such as pneumonia, peptic ulcer, chronic inflammation, chronic nephritis, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, emphysema, cervical spondylosis, etc..
China’s elderly people susceptible to diseases followed by swelling and pain, hypertension and coronary heart disease, chronic bronchitis and pneumonia, gallbladder disease, prostatic hyperplasia, femoral fracture and diabetes. The high and low mortality rate of pneumonia, cerebral hemorrhage, lung cancer, gastric cancer, myocardial infarction, etc.
The characteristics of senile diseases: 1, multidisease. The same person often has a variety of diseases at the same time, in the symptoms and signs of mutual influence, so that the clinical performance is more complex. 2, not typical. Many of the elderly is one of the causes of atypical clinical manifestations. The elderly thermoregulation ability low, fever as well as young people, too, to in severe infection. The response to cold is also poor, and it is easy to occur at low temperature. Elderly people with poor response to pain, especially with diabetes, severe pain of the disease, such as myocardial infarction, intestinal perforation, fracture, and so may have only mild discomfort, painless myocardial infarction common in the elderly. 3, fast onset, short course, old people’s internal organs reserve function is low, once the stress, the condition is rapidly deteriorating, the original is in a balanced state of some organ function, easy to rapidly failure after the onset. 4, ease of conscious obstacle, elderly patients, whether suffering from any disease, are prone to disturbance of consciousness, change the senile cerebral vascular sclerosis, blood pressure, infection, sepsis and electrolyte disturbances. Are important factors. In the analysis of the old people’s consciousness, we must eliminate the medical source factors, such as the use of stability, anti depression drugs and so on. 5, easily lead to water, electrolyte disorders. The old people organs are shrinking, due to the low sensitivity of the central nervous system, so the amount of drinking water is not much, can cause mild water, electrolyte imbalance. So we should pay attention to the skin elasticity, dry tongue of the old people, as well as the reduction of urine and weight loss. Part of the elderly kidney function decline and more hidden, not to do the test is difficult to find, the elderly renal function changes should be particularly vigilant. 6, prone to systemic failure. The so-called “death. , in fact, is not a disease. Elderly patients with low activity, long-term bed, gradually decreased appetite, drinking water, such as the old people’s blood potassium, blood sodium, urea nitrogen higher, and lower serum albumin, the internal organs function is not obvious decline, and the stability of the environment has changed, the body immunity is low, once the external stress factors, such as infection or trauma, organ damage, such as the heart, brain, kidney, lung and more than 4 of organ damage, treatment is more difficult, the prognosis is poor. Garden prone to complications and complications. Due to the long bed, can cause hypostatic pneumonia, constipation, also can cause muscle atrophy and orthostatic hypotension, limb contractures, osteoporosis, pressure sores, venous thrombosis and pulmonary infarction. The response of the elderly to treatment is different, with the characteristics of the individual.