Drug treatment of senile disease

Drug treatment of senile disease
Characteristics of the elderly medication: 1, elderly people often suffer from a variety of diseases, it is often used to take a variety of drugs, drug interactions and adverse reactions, 2, elderly people suffering from chronic diseases, long time, on the one hand easy to produce drug accumulation effect and adverse reactions, on the other hand, may also produce drug resistance, reduce the drug sensitivity or disappear. 3, the frail elderly, perennial medication, memory decline, poor medication compliance, often not prescribed medication or arbitrary, to the, arbitrarily reduce the variety and number of medication, it will not only affect the treatment effect, but also make the body to a decline in the sensitivity of certain drugs. 4, due to the old people’s vision, hearing, the recent decline in memory and other characteristics, sometimes leading to the drug effects, dosage, usage, attention to matters and side effects of understanding is not enough, as well as the doctor’s advice to understand the error, leading to wrong medication.
Prevention of senile diseases
Elderly critically ill in the prevention, early diagnosis, early treatment is very important, the regular physical examination for early discovery of disease in the elderly is very important, part of the tumor patients with early asymptomatic, only by physical examination found part of diabetes patients and no. A little more than three “clinical symptoms, only by medicine, fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose were diagnosed.
Elderly patients should pay attention to maintaining optimism and avoid emotional volatility pay attention to proper exercise, aerobic exercise, enhanced physique pay attention to a reasonable diet, quit smoking and other bad habits, to avoid harmful stimuli to maintain personal hygiene, avoid prolonged bed and respiratory tract infection, constipation, fatigue falls and other accidents stimulation.
Hypertension, diabetes, high blood lipids in elderly patients with high incidence. Early intervention of risk factors such as hypertension, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, smoking can effectively reduce the occurrence of cardiovascular events. The early diagnosis rate of diabetes mellitus can be improved by fasting blood glucose and postprandial blood glucose detection in patients with high risk of diabetes. For patients with abnormal glucose tolerance, early intervention to drug treatment, can reduce the incidence of diabetes. Prevention of respiratory tract infections by physical exercise, vaccination, “influenza” vaccine, etc..

Diagnosis of senile disease

Diagnosis of senile disease
Part of the elderly due to deafness, memory loss, confusion, the history of the narrative may be more confusion, the focus is not prominent, must be systematically and detailed inquiry, if necessary, by the unit or family members. For the use of drugs, in particular, to ask in detail, some of the elderly on the use of drugs is not clear, to describe the error, the need to pay attention to.
To examine the aged human body, it is necessary to observe the skin, mucous membrane and tongue, and help to understand the loss of water and malnutrition, cervical lymph node and thyroid need to be detailed. Elderly cervical spondylosis often cause neurological symptoms. When there is no need to observe the examination of chest barrel chest. Pay attention to check the carotid artery, dorsalis pedis artery pulsatility, lower extremity edema, body color and temperature is normal, double lower limbs is symmetrical.
Laboratory examination in the elderly, due to a variety of factors more complex problems. The examination of the “normal range” in the elderly is not very obvious. Test results in the elderly may be affected by a variety of diseases and treatment of non-specific effects. ECG examination should be listed as a routine for the aged. B ultrasound for noninvasive examination, for the discovery of the digestive system, urinary system diseases help. The development of sedation gastroscopy, colonoscopy, or painless gastroscopy, painless colonoscopy, reduce the side effects, before large-scale use of the elderly, in order to understand the esophageal, stomach, duodenum and colon disease.
The diagnosis of senile disease should pay attention to the elderly and sick, therefore can not be satisfied with the diagnosis of a disease should try to find the possible coexistence of disease. Laboratory examination is very important because of the atypical nature of old age. Some early cancer have no symptoms, showed only as high as a tumor marker, followed by B-ultrasound, X-ray, CT gastroscopy, colonoscopy diagnosis.